Economic and Welfare Policies and Suicide
In the previous chapter, we focused on government partisanship as an overall indicator of what policies the government implements. Our analysis using cross-national data demonstrated that suicide rates tend to decrease when a leftist party or a Christian Democratic party is in power, as these parties expand welfare policies and promote macroeconomic policies for higher economic growth, both of which are influential on the quality of life of those in need. Our findings imply that government policies are strongly associated with the overall risks of suicide in society.
Yet, those findings do not reveal what specific types of government policies are important in lowering suicide rates. In other words, it remains unclear whether suicide rates indeed show a decline when the government enforces policies to improve the economic conditions of those who suffer from unemployment and poverty.
This chapter highlights the roles of economic and welfare policies adopted by local...
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