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Natural Disasters and Suicide

  • Yasuyuki Sawada
  • Michiko Ueda
  • Tetsuya Matsubayashi
Chapter
Part of the Economy and Social Inclusion book series (ESI)

Introduction

Hundreds of natural disasters hit a variety of regions around the world every year (Guha-sapir et al. 2015), causing upheavals, death, and pain. The recent examples of massive natural disasters causing more than 10,000 deaths include Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar and the Sichuan Earthquake in China in 2008, the Haiti Earthquake, drought in Somalia, the heat wave in Russia in 2010, and the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011.1 Natural disasters not only took many lives, but also deprived countless survivors of their houses and jobs and forced some to evacuate from their hometowns. Such natural disasters often cause post-traumatic stress and depression among survivors in their aftermath (Norris et al. 2002; Gelea et al. 2005). Moreover, survivors suffer from physical, mental, and economic distress even after they recover from the initial damages.

Given that mental distress and economic hardship are well-known risk factors of suicide (Lönnqvist 2009; Chen et al. 2012), one might...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasuyuki Sawada
    • 1
  • Michiko Ueda
    • 2
  • Tetsuya Matsubayashi
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsThe University of TokyoBunkyō, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Political Science and EconomicsWaseda UniversityShinjukuJapan
  3. 3.Osaka School of International Public PolicyOsaka UniversityToyonakaJapan

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