Prediction of Prognosis After Hemorrhagic Stroke

  • Dong-Wan Kang
  • Seung-Hoon LeeEmail author
Part of the Stroke Revisited book series (STROREV)


The fate of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is very diverse, and clinical courses during hospitalization vary as well. Therefore, it is important to predict the prognosis for patients with hemorrhagic stroke and to provide individualized care accordingly. However, there is an abundance of factors known as prognostic factors that impact the outcome of hemorrhagic stroke. Simply listing these factors would not be helpful in practice. In this chapter, we will categorize these factors in an easy-to-understand way according to pathophysiology, as follows: first, in ICH, factors will be categorized into three groups—(1) “attack factors,” which may worsen the status of the brain following a hemorrhage; (2) “protective factors,” related to the resistance of the brain against hemorrhage; and (3) “systemic and neurological states,” related to systemic and neurological conditions affecting the overall prognosis following ICH. With respect to SAH, neurological and radiological findings at the time of presentation strongly reflect the disease prognosis. Thus, we will first describe several clinical and radiological grading systems and then describe the prognostic factors associated with complications following SAH. Our hope is that this chapter will guide you to a better understanding of the prognostic factors in hemorrhagic stroke.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gangjin Public Health CenterGangjinSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of NeurologySeoul National University HospitalSeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.Korean Cerebrovascular Research InstituteSeoulSouth Korea

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