Environmental Loads

  • Tomasz SadowskiEmail author
  • Przemysław Golewski
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


Turbine engines need to be supplied both with fuel and oxygen contained in the air. The most important parameter of aviation fuel is its chemical composition, which decides the fuel’s operating properties.


Bond Coat Impact Angle Aviation Fuel Foreign Object Damage Layer Bond Coat 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Kortylewski W (2008) Combustion and fuels. Wrocław University of Technolgy Press (in Polish)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mrowiec P, Werber T (1975) Gas corrosion of metals. Śląsk Press, Katowice (in Polish)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tubielewicz K, Melechow R (ed) (2003) Materials used in heat power engineering. Works of surface treatment team, Częstochowa (in Polish)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen X (2006) Calcium-magnesium-alumina-silicate (CMAS) delamination mechanisms in EB-PVD thermal barrier coatings. Surf Coat Technol 200:3418–3427Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Eliaz N, Shemesh G, Latanision RM (2002) Hot corrosion in gas turbine components. Eng Fail Anal 9:32–43Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Strangman T, Raybould D, Jameel A, Baker W (2007) Damage mechanisms, life prediction, and development of EB-PVD thermal barrier coatings for turbine airfoils. Surf Coat Technol 202:658–664Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wellman R, Whitman G, Nicholls JR (2010) CMAS corrosion of EB PVD TBCs: identifying the minimum level to initiate damage. Int J Refract Metals Hard Mater 28:124–132Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wellman RG, Nicholas JR (2008) Erosion, corrosion and erosion–corrosion of EB PVD thermal barrier coatings. Tribol Int 41:657–662Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zschau HE, Dietrich M, Renusch D, Schutze M, Meijer J, Becker HW (2006) Detection of hydrogen in hidden and spalled layers of turbine blade coatings. Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res B 249:381–383Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nicholls JR, Deakin MJ, Rickerby DP (1999) A comparison between the erosion behaviour of thermal spray and electron beam physical vapour deposition thermal barrier coatings. Wear 233–235:352–361Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Johnson CA, Ruud JA, Bruce R, Wortman D (1998) Relationships between residual stress, microstructure and mechanical properties of electron beam–physical vapor deposition thermal barrier coatings. Surf Coat Technol 108–109:80–85Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kramer P, Yang J, Levi C (2006) Thermochemical interaction of thermal barrier coatings with CMAS deposits. J Am Ceram Soc 89:3167–3175Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chen X, Hutchinson JW (2002) Particle impact on metal substrates with application to foreign object damage to aircraft engines. J Mech Phys Solids 50:2669–2690Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Steenbakker RJL, Wellman RG, Nicholas JR (2006) Erosion of gadolinia doped EB-PVD TBCs. Surf Coat Technol 201:2140–2146Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wellman RG, Deakin MJ, Nicholls JR (2005) The effect of TBC morphology and aging on the erosion rate of EB-PVD TBCs. Tribol Int 38:798–804Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chen X, He MY, Spitsberg I, Fleck NA, Hutchinson JW, Evans AG (2004) Mechanisms governing the high temperature erosion of thermal barrier coatings. Wear 256:735–746Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tassini N, Lambrinou K, Mircea I, Bartsch M, Patsias P, Van der Biest O (2007) Study of the amplitude-dependent mechanical behaviour of yttria-stabilised zirconia thermal barrier coatings. J Eur Ceram Soc 27:1487–1491Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Crowell MW, Schaedler TA, Hazel BH, Konitzer DG, McMeeking RM, Evans AG (2012) Experiments and numerical simulations of single particle foreign object damage-like impacts of thermal barrier coatings. Int J Impact Eng 48:116–124Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Solid MechanicsLublin University of TechnologyLublinPoland

Personalised recommendations