Hierarchical Asynchronous Fusion Estimation for WSNs

  • Wen-An Zhang
  • Bo Chen
  • Haiyu Song
  • Li Yu


Distributed fusion is a typical structure for multisensor fusion estimation in WSNs, where the sensors generate local estimates ahead and then send them to a fusion center (FC) for fusion estimation [1, 2]. When the number of sensors is large, it is wasteful to embed in each sensor an estimator, and the FC requires a large bandwidth to communicate with the various sensors in a short time, which is usually impossible since the WSN is limited in bandwidth. An improvement is to adopt a hierarchical structure for fusion estimation [3–6]. In a hierarchical fusion estimation system, the sensors are divided into several clusters, and the sensors within the same cluster are connected to a local estimator. Moreover, only the local estimators are linked to the FC, and the measurements from sensors in a cluster are pretreated by local estimators in advance. A structure of the hierarchical fusion system is shown in Fig. 7.1. There are mainly two deficiencies in the existing hierarchical fusion estimation. First, local estimations and the fusion estimation are assumed to be time synchronized, which is restrictive as the processing rates of different clusters may be different from each other. Second, during the estimation interval, each sensor communicates with the local estimator only once, which implies that only one measurement from a sensor can be used for local estimation.


Packet Loss Local Estimate Local Estimator Fusion Center Fusion Rule 
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Copyright information

© Science Press, Beijing and Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wen-An Zhang
    • 1
  • Bo Chen
    • 1
  • Haiyu Song
    • 2
  • Li Yu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AutomationZhejiang University of TechnologyHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Zhejiang Uni. of Finance & EconomicsHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Zhejiang University of TechnologyHangzhouChina

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