Prosthetic Valves

  • Wei-Hsian Yin
  • Ming-Chon Hsiung


Prosthetic valves are discussed in this chapter. Cases of paravalvular leakage, mitral prosthesis dysfunction having transcatheter valve in valve replacement, and aortic restenosis having transcatheter AV implantation are involved.

Bioprosthetic valve may be complicated by dehiscence or tissue degeneration. 3D TEE examination provides valuable information about the exact anatomic characteristics for further operative treatment.


Valve Replacement Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Prosthetic Valve Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Systolic Murmur 
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Suggested Reading

  1. Attizzani GF, Ohno Y, Latib A, et al. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation under angiographic guidance with and without adjunctive transesophageal echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 2015;116(4):604–11.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bapat V, Asrress KN. Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for failing prosthetic valves. Eur Intervent. 2014;10(8):900–2.Google Scholar
  3. Bruschi G, De Marco F, Botta L, et al. Right anterior mini-thoracotomy direct aortic self-expanding trans-catheter aortic valve implantation: a single center experience. Int J Cardiol. 2015;181:437–42.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Gürsoy OM, Astarcıoğlu MA, Gökdeniz T, et al. Severe mitral paravalvular leakage: echo-morphologic description of 47 patients from real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography perspective. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg. 2013;13(7):633–40.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Oyama S, Ohuchi S, Okubo T, Kumagai K. Usefulness of echocardiography for detecting prosthesic valve dysfunction; report of a case. Kyobu Geka. 2014;67(11):1025–8. Japanese.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ozkan M, Gürsoy OM, Astarcıoğlu MA, et al. Percutaneous closure of paravalvular mitral regurgitation with vascular plug III under the guidance of real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2012;40(7):632–41.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei-Hsian Yin
    • 1
  • Ming-Chon Hsiung
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of CardiologyCheng-Hsin General HospitalTaipeiTaiwan

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