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Prosthetic valves are discussed in this chapter. Cases of paravalvular leakage, mitral prosthesis dysfunction having transcatheter valve in valve replacement, and aortic restenosis having transcatheter AV implantation are involved.
Bioprosthetic valve may be complicated by dehiscence or tissue degeneration. 3D TEE examination provides valuable information about the exact anatomic characteristics for further operative treatment.
KeywordsValve Replacement Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Prosthetic Valve Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Systolic Murmur
- Bapat V, Asrress KN. Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for failing prosthetic valves. Eur Intervent. 2014;10(8):900–2.Google Scholar