Diseases of the Aortic Valve
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This chapter described AV prolapse, bicuspid AV, rheumatic heart disease, and AS received proper treatments including aortic repair, replacement, or transcatheter AV implantation.
The best views for the AV examination are middle esophageal AV short- and long-axis views. 3D echocardiography compared with 2D can assess valvular morphology and provide additional information regarding AS severity with accurate multi-planer reconstruction of the anatomic AV orifice.
KeywordsAortic Valve Aortic Stenosis Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Bicuspid Aortic Valve Rheumatic Heart Disease
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