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Dendrocalamus Nees

  • Ratan Lal Banik
Chapter
Part of the Tropical Forestry book series (TROPICAL)

Abstract

The genus Dendrocalamus was first described by Nees in Linnaea 9: 476. 1834., under tribe Bambuseae and sub-tribe Bambusinae. Etymologically, Dendrocalamus: Greek word dendron, tree; kalamos, reed, tree-like reeds. This genus is closely related to genus Bambusa, but the number of keels on the inflorescence prophyll can distinguish between the two genera. Prophylls of Bambusa species have two keels, while those of Dendrocalamus species have only one (Stapleton 1994c). Most of the species of this genus can be recognized by its thick-walled culms, swollen nodes and aerial roots at the lower nodes. The species usually have white, blackish or light-brown hairs on the culm sheaths (Dransfield 1980). The genus is distributed from China (not in northern part), throughout India including Andaman Islands and Tarai region of the Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand, Laos, Kampuchea, Vietnam, mainly southern-central-China, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines and Papua New Guinea.

Keywords

Bamboo Fibre Bamboo Species Bamboo Shoot Uttar Pradesh Tissue Culture Plantlet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ratan Lal Banik
    • 1
  1. 1.NMBA (National Mission on Bamboo Applications)New DelhiIndia

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