The Fourth Validation Study: A Qualitative Examination of the Attitudes of Liberal Studies (LS) Markers Towards Onscreen Marking in Hong Kong

  • David Coniam
  • Peter Falvey


This chapter describes a qualitative study of the attitudes of Liberal Studies’ markers towards OSM carried out in 2009 – before the subject became a compulsory subject in Hong Kong’s new senior secondary school curriculum and when the candidature was much smaller at 3300. This qualitative validation study describes semi-structured interviews with Liberal Studies markers who provided in-depth opinions on key aspects of the OSM process. Markers were positive about many aspects of the new system, including: the advantages of marking by single question rather than by whole paper; improved reliability using control scripts; and relief from administrative tasks associated with PBM. There were, nonetheless, aspects of the new system that markers were unhappy with, primarily logistical, involving travel to marking centres and marking at fixed times when they were tired. Reading onscreen was also an issue. In summary, 43 % of markers stated that they preferred the status quo of PBM, 35 % stated they felt OSM was better, while 21 % were ambivalent. While OSM in 2009 had not yet been wholeheartedly accepted by markers, its potential advantages were beginning to be appreciated.


Liberal Study Question Number Control Script International English Language Test System Mass Transit Railway 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Coniam
    • 1
  • Peter Falvey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Curriculum and InstructionThe Education University of Hong KongTai PoHong Kong

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