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Carbon Nanofibres and Nanotubes for Composite Applications

  • Maria C. Paiva
  • José A. Covas
Chapter
Part of the Textile Science and Clothing Technology book series (TSCT)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes and nanofibers are now commercially viable making possible a number of effective applications. This chapter provides a brief but didactic revision of the polymer/nanotube or nanofiber mixing methods, with major focus on melt mixing. The nanotube or nanofiber dispersion parameters are discussed, as well as the role of chemical functionalization. As a framework for this discussion the general properties of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers, as well as their polymer composites, are summarized. A market perspective is presented demonstrating the growing interest of these materials. The effective market growth will depend on the efficiency in tackling dominant factors such as price, material quality/purity and consistency, health and safety aspects and, especially in the case of polymer nanocomposites, dispersibility and compatibility with the matrix.

Keywords

Maleic Anhydride Polymer Nanocomposites Twin Screw Extruder Hydrodynamic Stress Staggering Angle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Polymers and Composites/i3NUniversity of MinhoGuimarãesPortugal

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