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Proximate Determinants of Fertility in Japan

  • Shoko Konishi
  • Emi Tamaki
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Population Studies book series (BRIEFSPOPULAT)

Abstract

Proximate determinants link both social and biological factors to fertility. In this section, we will summarize available data related to proximate determinants of fertility in Japan while referring to some of the related literature targeting populations overseas. In addition to data from published studies, we present our original data collected in the biodemography project, an Internet-based cross-sectional survey on reproductive history conducted in 2014 targeting Japanese women between 20 and 44 years of age. Following Wood’s conceptualization, the specific components of the proximate determinants of fertility referred to in this chapter are lactational infecundability, fecund waiting time to conception, and fetal loss (both spontaneous and induced). Additionally, papers on factors that are expected to significantly affect fecund waiting time to conception, i.e., frequency of sexual intercourse, length and regularity of menstrual cycle, and use of contraception and infertility treatment, will be reviewed.

Keywords

Internet-based survey Lactational amenorrhea Menstrual cycle Time to pregnancy (TTP) Assisted reproductive technology (ART) Japan 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shoko Konishi
    • 1
    • 3
  • Emi Tamaki
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Human Ecology, School of International Health, Graduate School of MedicineThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of International Social SciencesGakushuin UniversityTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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