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Rating Scale Formulation

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Abstract

An assertion of necessarily incorporating nonverbal delivery into speaking assessment advances this study to the phase of rating scale formulation, which is broadly arranged into three steps, as is specified in the research design.

Keywords

Proficiency Level Language Competence Discourse Management Assessment Dimension Organisational Competence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bachman, L.F. 1990. Fundamental considerations in language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bachman, L.F., and A.S. Palmer. 1996. Language testing in practice: Designing and developing useful language tests. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Jungheim, N.O. 1995. Assessing the unsaid: The development of tests of nonverbal ability. In Language testing in Japan, ed. J.D. Brown, and S.O. Yamashita, 149–165. Tokyo: JALT.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of English Language and CultureGuangdong University of Foreign StudiesGuangzhouChina

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