Literature Review



This chapter reviews the literature pertaining to the present study. As the whole research can be chronologically broken down into three main phases, covering (1) building an argument for embedding nonverbal delivery into speaking assessment, (2) the formulation and (3) the validation of the rating scale for group discussion in formative assessment, this chapter is accordingly organised into five sections, with the first section reviewing nonverbal delivery relating to the first phase, and the other four sections consecutively addressing the related literature concerning rating scale development and validation.


Formative Assessment Conversation Analysis Communicative Competence Semiotic System Textual Meaning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of English Language and CultureGuangdong University of Foreign StudiesGuangzhouChina

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