Do Institutions Affect the Performance of Marine Protected Areas? Evidences from the Philippines
This report investigated the effectiveness of different management regimes in the marine protected areas (MPAs) in the Philippines. It assessed how MPAs are performing – from an environmental, economic, and social perspectives – and determined what constitutes the key features of a successful management scheme. It determined that the type of institution in charge of an MPA makes little difference to its effectiveness. Instead, good leadership, adequate manpower and source of funding, and provision of sustainable livelihoods are the keys for effective management. The report also suggested a number of ways in which community involvement in MPA management can be strengthened and highlighted the need for community requirements to be taken fully into account in any MPA action plan.
KeywordsProtected area MPA Community-based management Coastal resource management Institutional arrangements
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