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Climate Change and Livelihood Adaptation Strategies of Farmers in Northern Bangladesh

  • Md. Fakrul IslamEmail author
  • Wardatul Akmam
Chapter
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Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 24)

Abstract

The increasing vulnerability to climate change and possibilities of livelihood adaptation in Bangladesh is a great concern for its inhabitants. The most vulnerable groups within Bangladesh are the poor and marginalized farmers living in climate change-prone areas. Northern Bangladesh is a plain and farmers face severe flood in rainy season and drought in summer. They depend on underground water for irrigation as all giant rivers become dried up due to unilateral withdrawal of dry season water through upstream barrages on the Ganges and Teesta rivers built by India. Marginal farmers along with all other people face tremendous water crisis for this man-made intervention on natural climate. Farmers have changed their traditional cropping pattern with artificial and underground water, which makes the fertile land unfertile. It is creating another severe and uncertain environmental disaster for the country. Moreover, they are also drastically changing their cropping pattern, e.g., transforming cultivable lands (used for paddy cultivation) into fruit orchards (mango, banana, lychee, guava, plum, etc.). In such situations, farmers with small amounts of land (who had converted total amount of land they possessed into fruit orchards) suffer the most. This is the key finding of this paper, based on a primary survey that focuses on the problems of socio-environmental vulnerability due to climate change and livelihood adaptation strategies of farmers in Northern Bangladesh.

Keywords

Climate change Livelihood pattern Adaptation strategy Shifting crops Mango orchard 

References

  1. ARCAB –Action Research for Community Adaptation in Bangladesh; Webpage of ARCAB http://www.arcab.org/index.php. Accessed on 12 June 2012
  2. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics-BBS (2011) Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 2009Google Scholar
  3. Masum SJ, Hasan M, Mahbub M (2009) Climate change impact on food sovereignty in Bangladesh (This article was submitted to On the Frontlines of Climate Change 02/09/2009)Google Scholar
  4. McCarthy J, Canziani O, Leary N, Dokken D, White K (eds) (2001) Climate change 2001: impacts, adaptation & vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social WorkUniversity of RajshahiRajshahiBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of RajshahiRajshahiBangladesh

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