Advertisement

Optimal International Investment Policy for the Sea Environment in East Asia: Case Study of the Sea of Japan

  • Katsuhiro SakuraiEmail author
Chapter
  • 567 Downloads
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 24)

Abstract

In this paper, we quantify emissions of land-based water pollutants created by socioeconomic activity in the coastal areas of the Sea of Japan. We also create a multiregional socioeconomic-environmental system model to perform a dynamic optimization simulation analysis. This analysis will focus on parts of Japan, China, South Korea, and Russia, and for each region it will solve the maximization problem of optimizing regional production under constraints on COD emissions resulting from that region’s economic activity. In terms of results, the maximum COD reduction achieved was 6 % compared to 1995, the maximum average reduction rate over the 25-year period was 2.6 %, and the average GDP growth rate over the 25-year period was 4.6 %. We also successfully quantified the effect on the Sea of Japan.

Keywords

International investment policy Sea environment Optimization problem Dynamic simulation Sea of Japan 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work is partly supported by the Institute of Economic Studies, Rissho University.

References

  1. Broecker WS, Sutherland S, Peng T-H (1999) A possible 20th-century slowdown of southern ocean deep water formation. Science 286:1132–1135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen CTA, Wang S-L, Bychkov AS (1995) Carbonate chemistry of the Sea of Japan. J Geophys Res 100:13737–13745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Economic Research Institute of the Far Eastern branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1994) The Russian far east: economic handbook. Toyo KeizaiGoogle Scholar
  4. Gamo T, Horibe Y (1983) Abyssal circulation in the Japan Sea. J Oceanogr Soc Jpn 39:220–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Higano Y (1995) Distribution of the value added to the input of the environmental goods based on the materials balance principle. Stud Reg Sci 26(1):181–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Imura H, Katsuhara K (1995) Chuugoku no kankyou mondai. Toyo Keizai Inc.Google Scholar
  7. Kaya Y (ed) (2003) Chronological Environmental Tables 2004/2005. Ohm-shaGoogle Scholar
  8. Kim KY, Kim G, Kang DJ, Volko YN, Yoon JH, Takematsu M (2002) The changes in the east/Japan Sea found by CREAMS. Oceanogr Soc Jpn 11(3):419–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kondo J (ed) (2003) Japan environmental council white paper 2003. Northwest Pacific Region Environmental Cooperation CenterGoogle Scholar
  10. Kunimatsu T, Muraoka K (ed) (1989) Kasen odaku no moderu kaiseki. Gihodo Shuppan Co., LtdGoogle Scholar
  11. Manabe S, Stouffer RJ (1993) Century-scale effects of increased atmospheric CO2 on the ocean-atmosphere system. Nature 364:215–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mizunoya T, Higano Y (2000) A dynamic analysis of the economic policy to reduce the air pollutants emission in Japan. Stud Reg Sci 31(3):79–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mizunoya T, Morioka R, Higano Y (2001) A study on optimal environmental policy measures related to the introduction of new technologies to improve the water quality of lake kasumigaura. Stud Reg Sci 32(3):83–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Murakami M (1999) Is water revived?: drinking water and water environment. Power-shaGoogle Scholar
  15. Naganuma M (1993) Characteristics of the Sea of Japan (I). Jpn Sea Nat Fish Res Inst Fish Res Agency 364:4–8Google Scholar
  16. Nakato Y (1999) The economy of the ring of the Sea of Japan. Daimei-doGoogle Scholar
  17. Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University (1999) Dynamics Simulation Research Center News, No. 2, 1999.4.30Google Scholar
  18. Sakurai K, Mizunoya T, Kobayashi S, Higano Y (2003) The impact of environmental tax on the Japanese economy as a policy measure for the global warming: an analysis through environmental economic system simulation. Stud Reg Sci 33(3):49–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sakurai K, Mizunoya T, Kobayashi S, Higano Y (2004) A water environmental policy to improve the water quality of lake kasumigaura incorporating residents’ preferences in the basin. Stud Reg Sci 34(1):219–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. South Korean Ministry of Construction and Transportation (1996) Annual report of construction and transportation statistics (construction sector) 1996Google Scholar
  21. Statistics Japan (2000) Statistics of Japan 2000Google Scholar
  22. Stocker TF (1998) Climate change: the seesaw effect. Science 282:61–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Stocker TF, Schmittner A (1997) Influence of CO2 emission rates on the stability of the thermohaline circulation. Nature 388:862–865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Suido Sangyo Shinbunsha (2000) Almanac of sewer drain 2000Google Scholar
  25. Takayama S (1990) Rivers. In: Ichikawa M (ed) Hydrology 8. Asakura Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  26. The Association for the Promotion of International Trade, Japan (1999) Chinese economic data 2000Google Scholar
  27. Tsunogai S, Watanabe YW, Harada K, Watanabe S, Saito S, Nakajima M (1993) Dynamics of the Japan sea deep water studied with chemical and radiochemical tracers. In: Teramoto T (ed) Deep ocean circulation, physical and chemical aspects. Elsevier Science Publishers, B. V., pp 105–119Google Scholar
  28. Uda M (1934) The hydrographic conditions of the Sea of Japan and its adjacent marine area. Rep Fish Exp Station 5:57–190Google Scholar
  29. United Nations (1996) World population monitoring 1996Google Scholar
  30. United Nations Secretariat (ed) (1993) Japanese trans. by the Japanese Ministry of the Environment and Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Agenda 21, Sustainable Development. Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center, JapanGoogle Scholar
  31. Wada Y (1990) Model analysis of non-point source. Gihodo Shuppan Co., Ltd., TokyoGoogle Scholar
  32. Watanabe YW, Watanabe S, Tsunogai S (1991) Tritium in the Japan Sea and the renewal time of the Japan Sea deep water. Mar Chem 34:97–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. World Bank (1999) World development indicators. Toyo Shorin Co., Ltd., TokyoGoogle Scholar
  34. Yano Tsuneta Kinenkai/Kokusei-sha ed. (1999a) World economic census 1999/2000. Yano Tsuneta KinenkaiGoogle Scholar
  35. Yano Tsuneta Kinenkai/Kokusei-sha ed. (1999b) Prefectural economic census of Japan 2000. Yano Tsuneta KinenkaiGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rissho UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations