Optimal International Investment Policy for the Sea Environment in East Asia: Case Study of the Sea of Japan

  • Katsuhiro SakuraiEmail author
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 24)


In this paper, we quantify emissions of land-based water pollutants created by socioeconomic activity in the coastal areas of the Sea of Japan. We also create a multiregional socioeconomic-environmental system model to perform a dynamic optimization simulation analysis. This analysis will focus on parts of Japan, China, South Korea, and Russia, and for each region it will solve the maximization problem of optimizing regional production under constraints on COD emissions resulting from that region’s economic activity. In terms of results, the maximum COD reduction achieved was 6 % compared to 1995, the maximum average reduction rate over the 25-year period was 2.6 %, and the average GDP growth rate over the 25-year period was 4.6 %. We also successfully quantified the effect on the Sea of Japan.


International investment policy Sea environment Optimization problem Dynamic simulation Sea of Japan 



This work is partly supported by the Institute of Economic Studies, Rissho University.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rissho UniversityTokyoJapan

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