Amsterdam: From the Single Market to a European Civil Society

  • Francisco Lucas PiresEmail author


This chapter critically addresses the making of the Treaty of Amsterdam, from the beginning of the process of revision to the end of the procedure of ratification. It considers that the Treaty, for all its challenges and shortcomings, represented progress, even on the level of political and institutional capacity and efficiency, and strengthened both the status of European civil society and the rights of European citizens by, amongst other developments, improving the conditions for the democratic exercise of power and its legitimation within the various institutions.


Negotiation process Ratification Institutional reform European democracy Power balance 


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Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser Press and the authors 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LisbonPortugal

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