National Responses to the Rwandan Genocide: Gacaca Courts

  • Pietro SulloEmail author
Part of the International Criminal Justice Series book series (ICJS, volume 20)


This chapter provides an insight into gacaca legislation and the unfolding of the gacaca experiment. The key features of the pre-colonial gacaca are first sketched, which allows us to compare traditional gacaca to inkiko gacaca. This comparison offers a necessary perspective to discuss some of the main assumptions surrounding the use of these jurisdictions to deal with the legacy of the Rwandan genocide. The different gacaca laws which have been adopted between 2000 and 2012 are then scrutinized in-depth. This is necessary to understand the legal frame regulating the courts. Due attention is given to changes in the criteria for the categorization of genocide-related offences established by the gacaca legislation, to the confession and guilty plea procedure, to the sanctions and to the mechanisms governing penalty reductions.


Gacaca traditional justice systems legal pluralism guilty plea compensation fund restorative justice categorization of offences confession 


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Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser Press and the author 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Brussels School of International StudiesUniversity of KentBrusselsBelgium

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