Post-Genocide Justice in Rwanda: Ordinary Courts

  • Pietro SulloEmail author
Part of the International Criminal Justice Series book series (ICJS, volume 20)


This chapter deals with the challenges that Rwanda faced in the immediate aftermath of the genocide focusing on the role of ordinary justice. The first Organic Law on domestic prosecution of the génocidaires (Organic Law 8/1996) is scrutinized paying due attention to its categorization mechanism. This is of particular relevance because the first gacaca law relied on the same criteria for the categorization of genocide-related crimes. The penalties and procedural measures provided for by Organic Law 8/1996 are also described and assessed. The reform of the code of criminal procedure and Law 9/1996 are also analysed with particular regard to the issue of abuse of pre-trial detention, a dramatic issue in the aftermath of the genocide. Finally, the sentencing rationale and practice of ordinary courts is considered and conclusions regarding their penological aim and logic are drawn.


Pre-trial detention Organic Law 9/1996 cachots categorization of offences Rwandan Criminal Procedure Code ICCPR length of detention sentencing 


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Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser Press and the author 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Brussels School of International StudiesUniversity of KentBrusselsBelgium

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