Advertisement

Schrödinger’s Cake? Territorial Truths for Post-Brexit Britain

  • Ciarán BurkeEmail author
  • Ólafur Ísberg Hannesson
  • Kristin Bangsund
Chapter
Part of the Netherlands Yearbook of International Law book series (NYIL, volume 47)

Abstract

Any post-Brexit accord between the UK and the EU will redefine who exercises jurisdiction—and sovereign control—over the UK’s territory. Every engagement in an international agreement by a State may be viewed as entailing a loss of sovereignty, and in certain circumstances, an alienation of its power to regulate its territory. However, it may also be construed as an exercise of sovereignty. States enter such agreements precisely because they have the power to do so. A corollary thereof is the power to regain control over their own affairs. However, in an era when interdependence has superseded independence as the norm, we may question whether defining states based on territorial sovereignty is even appropriate anymore. Securing investment and trade requires international oversight, once integration surpasses a certain threshold. In such circumstances, a state’s territory becomes the subject of overlapping jurisdiction. Brexit will not come without a cost, and mitigating this may ironically involve further alienation of sovereignty, via parasitic attachment to the EU, whereby the UK may find itself forced to accept European norms without having a role in their elaboration. The alternative is a future involving an unambiguous reassertion of control, but with a virtual certainty of less prosperity. One may view the equation facing the UK as a balancing act between exclusive territorial control and economic prosperity.

Keywords

Brexit Territoriality Jurisdiction Interdependence Sovereignty EEA 

References

  1. Baudenbacher C (2012) Some Thoughts on the EFTA Court’s Phases of Life. In: EFTA Court (ed) Judicial Protection in the European Economic Area. German Law Publishers, Stuttgart, pp 2–28Google Scholar
  2. Baudenbacher C (2013) The EFTA Court and Court of Justice of the European Union: Coming in Parts But Winning Together. In: Court of Justice of the European Union, The Court of Justice and the Construction of Europe: Analyses and Perspectives on Sixty Years of Case-law - La Cour de Justice et la Construction de l’Europe: Analyses et Perspectives de Soixante Ans de Jurisprudence. TMC Asser Press, The Hague, pp 183–203Google Scholar
  3. Baudenbacher C, Bull H (2007) European Integration Through Interaction of Legal Regimes. Universitetsforlaget, OsloGoogle Scholar
  4. Buckle R, Hewish T, Hulsman JC, Mansfield I, Oulds R (2015) Brexit: Directions for Britain Outside the EU. Institute of Economic Affairs, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Burke C, Hannesson OÍ, Bangsund K (2016) Life on the Edge: EFTA and the EEA as a Future for the UK in Europe. European Public Law 22(1):69–96Google Scholar
  6. Burke E (1790) Reflections on the Revolution in France and on the Proceedings in Certain Societies in London Relative to that Event. Dodsley, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Clarke K (2001) An Island Nation: Re-Reading Tacitus’ Agricola. Journal of Roman Studies 91:94–112Google Scholar
  8. Crawford JR (2011) State. Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. http://opil.ouplaw.com/view/10.1093/law:epil/9780199231690/law-9780199231690-e1473?rskey=V7vSXZ&result=1&prd=EPIL. Accessed 6 February 2017
  9. Fredriksen HH, Franklin CNK (2015) Of Pragmatism and Principles: The EEA Agreement more than 20 Years On. Common Market Law Review 52(3):629–284Google Scholar
  10. Fuller LL (1969) The Morality of Law, 2nd edn. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  11. Gross L (1948) The Peace of Westphalia. American Journal of International Law 42(1):20–41Google Scholar
  12. Held D, McGrew A, Goldblatt D, Perraton J (1999) Global Transformations. Stanford University Press, StanfordGoogle Scholar
  13. Jellinek G (1963) System der Subjektiven Öffentlichen Rechte (System of Subjective Public Rights), reprinted edn. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, DarmstadtGoogle Scholar
  14. Koskenniemi M (2005) From Apology to Utopia, The Structure of International Legal Argument, Reissue with a new Epilogue. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  15. Mann FA (1964) The Doctrine of Jurisdiction in International Law. Recueil des Cours 111:1–162Google Scholar
  16. Meyer T (2012) Codifying Custom. University of Pennsylvania Law Review 160: 995–1069Google Scholar
  17. Munro CR (1999) Studies in Constitutional Law. Butterworths, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Nicol D (2001) EC Membership and the Judicialization of British Politics. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  19. Öberg ML (2016) From EU Citizens to Third Country Nationals: The Legacy of Polydor. European Public Law 22(1):97–114Google Scholar
  20. Ohmae K (1990) The Borderless World: Power and Strategy in the Interlinked Economy. Harper Business, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. Oppenheim L (1955) International Law: A Treatise. Vol. I – Peace, 8th edn (edited by Lauterpacht H). Longman, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Sassen S (2000) Territory and Territoriality in the Global Economy. International Sociology 15(2):372–393Google Scholar
  23. Shaw MN (1982) Territory in International Law. Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 13:61–91Google Scholar
  24. Simma B (1985) Self-Contained Regimes. Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 16:111–136Google Scholar
  25. Sriskandarajah D, Drew C (2006) Brits Abroad: Mapping the Scale and Nature of British Emigration. Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) Report. http://www.ippr.org/publications/brits-abroad-mapping-the-scale-and-nature-of-british-emigration. Accessed 6 February 2017
  26. Steinberg PE (2005) Insularity, Sovereignty and Statehood: The Representation of Islands on Portolan Charts and the Construction of the Territorial State. Geografiska Annaler Series B Human Geography (Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography) 87(4):253–265Google Scholar
  27. Tacitus C (2010) Agricola and Germania (transl. by Mattingly H, edited by Rives J). Penguin Classics, LondonGoogle Scholar
  28. Verdross A (1969) Entstehungsweisen und Geltungsgrund des Universellen Völkerrechtlichen Gewohnheitsrechts (Modes of Origin and Validity of the Universal Customary Law of International Law). ZaöRV (Journal of International Public Law and International Law) 29:636–653Google Scholar
  29. Wolf S (2013) Svalbard’s Maritime Zones, Their Status under International Law and Current and Future Disputes Scenarios. German Institute for International and Security Affairs Working Paper. https://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/arbeitspapiere/WP_Wolf_2_2013.pdf. Accessed 3 February 2017

Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser Press and the authors 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ciarán Burke
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ólafur Ísberg Hannesson
    • 2
  • Kristin Bangsund
    • 2
  1. 1.Friedrich Schiller University of JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.EFTA Surveillance AuthorityBrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations