Advertisement

Education and Career Mobility Under China’s Market Economy

A Pre- and Post-Reform Comparative Analysis
Chapter
  • 1.3k Downloads
Part of the Spotlight on China book series (SPOT)

Abstract

In this chapter, we examine two related issues. First, to what extent has the pattern of educational attainment changed from the pre-reform to post-reform periods? Second, has education played an increasing role on work careers during the reform periods? To seek an empirical answer to these questions, we analyse a recent largescale household survey in which relevant information was collected.

Keywords

Educational Inequality High Education Policy Reform Period Career Mobility Hukou Status 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bian, Y. J. (1994). Guanxi and the allocation of urban jobs in China. The China Quarterly, 140, 971–999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bian, Y. J. (2002). Chinese social stratification and social mobility. Annual Review of Sociology, 28, 91–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bian, Y. J., & Logan, J. (1996). Market transition and persistence of power: The changing stratification system in urban China. American Sociological Review, 61, 739–758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Becker, G. (1993). Human capital: A theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education (3rd ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Guo, S. B., Guo, Y., Beckett, G., Li, Q., & Guo, L. (2013). Changes in Chinese education under globalisation and market economy: Emerging issues and debates. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 43, 244–264.Google Scholar
  6. Hao, D. H. (2007). Urban educational stratification in China (1949–2003). Social Sciences in China, 6, 94–107.Google Scholar
  7. Keister, L. A., & Borelli, E. P. (2012). Market transition: An assessment of the state of the field. Sociological Perspectives, 55, 267–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Li, C. L. (2010). Higher education expansion and education opportunity inequality. Sociological Studies, 3, 82–113.Google Scholar
  9. Li, Y. (2006). Institutional change and mechanism of educational inequality. Social Sciences in China, 4, 97–109.Google Scholar
  10. Lin, N., & Bian, Y. J. (1991). Getting ahead in urban China. American Journal of Sociology, 97(3), 657–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Liu, J. M. (2006). Higher education expansion and the differentiation of educational opportunity: 1978–2003. Chinese Journal of Sociology, 3, 158–179.Google Scholar
  12. Lucas, S. R. (2001). Effectively maintained inequality: Education transitions, track mobility, and social background effects. The American Journal of Sociology, 106(6), 1642–1690.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Naughton, B. (2007). The Chinese economy: Transitions and growth. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  14. Nee, V. (1989). A theory of market transition: From redistribution to markets in state socialism. American Sociological Review, 54, 663–681.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nee, V., & Matthews, R. (1996). Market transition and societal transformation in reforming state socialism. Annual Review of Sociology, 22, 401–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Parish, W., & Michelson, E. (1996). Politics and markets: Dual transformations. The American Journal of Sociology, 101(4), 1042–1059.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Raftery, A. E., & Hout, M. (1993). Maximally maintained inequality: Expansion, reform, and opportunity in Irish education, 1921–1975. Sociology of Education, 66, 41–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Shavit, Y., & Blossfeld, H. P. (1993). Persistent inequality: Changing educational attainment in thirteen countries. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  19. Walder, A. (1986). Communist neo-traditionalism: Work and authority in Chinese industry. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  20. Walder, A. (1996). Markets and inequality in transitional economies: Toward testable theories. American Journal of Sociology, 101(4), 1060–1073.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Walder, A. (2003). Elite opportunity in transitional economies. American Sociological Review, 68(6), 899–916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wu, X. G., & Xie, Y. (2003). Does the market pay off? Earnings returns to education in urban China. American Sociological Review, 68, 425–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wu, Y. X. (2011). Labor market segmentation, job mobility and the two-track model of Chinese urban workers’ acquisition of economic status. Social Sciences in China, 1, 119–137.Google Scholar
  24. Wu, Y. X. (2013). Educational opportunity inequality and its change in China (1978–2008). Social Sciences in China, 3, 4–21.Google Scholar
  25. Xie, Y., & Hannum, E. (1996). Regional variation in earnings inequality in reform-era urban China. American Journal of Sociology, 101(4), 950–992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yang, D. P. (2006). Zhongguo Jiaoyu Gongping de Lixiang yu Xianshi [The Ideal and Reality of China’s Educational Fairness]. Peking: Peking University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Zhao, W., & Zhou, X. G. (2002). Institutional transformation and returns to education in urban China: An empirical assessment. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 19, 339–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zhou, X. G. (2000). Economic transformation and income inequality in urban China: Evidence from panel data. The American Journal of Sociology, 105(4), 1135–1174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zhou, X. G., Moen, P., & Tuma, N. (1998). Educational stratification in urban China: 1949–94. Sociology of Education, 71(3), 199–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Sense Publishers 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Institute for Empirical Social Science ResearchXi’an Jiaotong UniversityP. R. China
  2. 2.Department of Sociology, Institute for Empirical Social Science ResearchXi’an Jiaotong UniversityP. R. China
  3. 3.Institute for Empirical Social Science Research, Xi’an Jiaotong UniversityP. R. China
  4. 4.Department of SociologyUniversity of MinnesotaUSA

Personalised recommendations