Lecithodendriid-Like Flukes



Three species of lecithodendriid-like flukes (families Lecithodendriidae and Phaneropsolidae) are known to infect humans. They include Caprimolgorchis molenkampi (syn. Prosthodendrium molenkampi) which belongs to the Lecithodendriidae, and Phaneropsolus bonnei and Phaneropsolus spinicirrus which belong to the Phaneropsolidae. Human infections are common in C. molenkampi and P. bonnei but rare in P. spinicirrus. The major source of human infections with these flukes is presumed to be aquatic naiads of dragon- or damselflies. The geographical distribution of C. molenkampi and P. bonnei extends from Indonesia to Thailand, Lao PDR, and Cambodia. The geographical distribution of P. spinicirrus is so far confined to northeastern Thailand.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Tropical Medicine and ParasitologySeoul National University College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Korea Association of Health PromotionSeoulSouth Korea

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