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Methods of Investigation

  • O. V. Smirnova
  • M. V. Bobrovsky
  • L. G. Khanina
  • L. B. Zaugolnova
  • S. A. Turubanova
  • P. V. Potapov
  • A. Yu. Yaroshenko
  • V. E. Smirnov
Chapter
Part of the Plant and Vegetation book series (PAVE, volume 15)

Abstract

This chapter includes a list of the study areas and a map of their localities. The dominant ecological-coenotic approach to the forest vegetation classification together with seven ecological-coenotic groups of plant species and their ecological characteristics are described. The methods of mapping and monitoring the forest cover together with a short review of their applications in European Russia are presented. Field data sampling, data analysis, methods of plant diversity assessment, inventory of the ontogenetic structure of tree populations and the assessment of the successional position of the forest ecosystems are discussed.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Forest Ecology and Productivity of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Physico-Chemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science of the Russian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Mathematical Problems of Biology RAS – Branch of the M.V. Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  4. 4.Department of Geographical ScienceUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  5. 5.Greenpeace RussiaMoscowRussia

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