CT in Diagnosis of Retroperitoneal Tumors

  • Yuanchun Feng


Images of retroperitoneal tumors lack specificity as different tumors resemble one another to and often remain undetectable until they have grown quite large, making diagnosis difficult. Major challenges in diagnosis include how to accurately locate the tumor, how to evaluate the extent of tumor invasion, how to identify the tumor qualitatively, and how to determine the cellular origin of the tumor.


  1. Chow LC, Sommer FG. Multidetector CT urography with abdominal compression and three-dimensional reconstruction. Am J Roentgenol. 2001;177:849–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cohan RH, Baker ME, Cooper C, et al. Computed tomography of primary retroperitoneal malignancies. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1998;12:804–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hughes MJ, Thomas JM, Fisher C, et al. Imaging features of retroperitoneal and pelvic schwannomas. Clin Radiol. 2005;60:886.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Khong PL, Chan GC, Shek TW, et al. Imaging of peripheral PNET: common and uncommon locations. Clin Radiol. 2002;57:272–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lane RH, Stephens DH, Reiman HM. Primary retroperitoneal neoplasms: CT findings in 90 cases with clinical and pathologic correlation. Am H Radio. 1989;152:83–9.Google Scholar
  6. Mizuki N, Katsumi H, Manabu M, et al. Primary retroperitoneal neoplasms: CT and MR imaging findings with anatomic and pathologic diagnostic clues. Radiographics. 2003;23:45–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Nzkashima J, Ueno M, Nakamura K, et al. Differential diagnosis of primary benign and malignant retroperitoneal tumors. Int J Urol. 1997;4:441–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ohnesorge B, Flohr T, Schaller S, et al. The technical bases and uses of multi-slice CT. Radiology. 1999;39:923–31.Google Scholar
  9. Oldendorf M, Zeitler E. Multiplanar imaging in the retroperitoneum: noninvasive diagnosis with a new spiral CT technique-- anatomy and pathology. Aktuelle Radiol. 1996;6:148–52.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Ota P, Mezghani S, Hassissene S, et al. Imaging of retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma. Eur Radiol. 2001;11:940–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Pilavaki M, Chourmouzi D, Kiziridou A, et al. Imaging of peripheral nerve sheath tumors with pathologic correlation: pictorial review. Eur J Radiol. 2004;52:229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Shulkin BL, Thompson NW, Shapiro B, et al. Pheochromocytomas: imaging with 2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose PET. Radiology. 1999;212(1):35–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sung ER, Jae YB, Seung EJ, et al. Neurogenic tumors in the abdomen: tumor type and imaging characteristics. Radiographics. 2003;23:29–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Peking University Health Science CenterBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations