Leiomyosarcoma of the Inferior Vena Cava

Chapter

Abstract

The vascular system has the lowest incidence of malignant tumors in the human body. Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is the most common malignancy arising from the vascular system. It is a rare soft tissue tumor arising from smooth muscle cells in the middle layer of the vessel wall, which grows slowly and rarely invades adjacent organs. It comprises approximately 2% of all human leiomyosarcomas and 0.5% of all soft tissue tumors. The inferior vena cava (IVC) is the area of the entire vascular system where tumor is most likely to occur. More than half of all vascular leiomyosarcomas arises from the IVC, while some extremely rare tumors originate in the superior vena cava, femoral vein, and popliteal vein.

References

  1. Cacoub P, Piette JC, Wechsler B, et al. Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava experiences with seven patients and literature review. Medicine. 1991;70(5):293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hassan M, Ciancio G, Shirodkar SP, et al. Surgical technique of removal of inferior vena cava leiomyosarcoma extending into the right atrium without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. J Card Surg. 2010;25:277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hilliard NJ, Heslin MJ, Castro CY, et al. Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava: three case reports and review of the literature. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2005;9(5):259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hines OJ, Nelson S, Quinones-Baldrich WJ, et al. Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava prognosis and comparison with leiomyosarcoma of other anatomic sites. Cancer. 1999a;85:1077.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hines OJ, Nelson S, Quinones-Baldrich WJ, Eilber FR. Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava: prognosis and comparison with leiomyosarcoma of other anatomic sites. Cancer. 1999b;85(5):1077–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kaszar Seibert DJ, Gauvin GP, Rogoff PA, et al. Intracardiac extension of intravenous leiomyosarcoma. Radiology. 1988;168:409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mingoli A, Cavallaro A, Sapienza P, et al. International registry of inferior vena cava leiomyosarcoma: analysis of a world series on 218 patients. Anticancer Res. 1996;16:3201.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Shindo S, Matsumoto H, Ogata K, et al. Surgical treatment of retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma invading the inferior vena cava: report of three cases. Surg Today. 2002;32:929–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Wicky BN, Sege D, Amgwerd R. Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava, a case report. Vasc Surg. 1991;25:330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiang Feng
    • 1
  • Xueyan Lv
    • 2
  • Boyuan Zou
    • 2
  • Chengli Miao
    • 2
  1. 1.Changhai HospitalThe Second Military Medical UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Peking University International HospitalBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations