• Jacek BełdowskiEmail author
  • Terrence Long
  • Martin Söderström
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)


Dumped chemical weapons (CW) pose an actual environmental and security hazard in the Baltic Sea Region. Their actual position is unknown, and pollution originating from corroded munitions is only roughly estimated. One of possible low-cost solution is the creation of monitoring network, providing info about exact location and environmental threat posed by sea dumped CW.

MODUM project aimed at the establishment of the monitoring network observing Chemical Weapons dumpsites in the Baltic Sea, using autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV’s) and remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROV’s), and utilizing existing research vessels of partner institutions as launching platforms. Project consisted of the test phase, which helped choosing best available solutions for the difficult Baltic Sea environment, Survey phase, which located actual objects of concern, and monitoring phase, which concentrated on the collection of environmental data close to the objects of concern. The result of the project is a set of methods and procedures that are applicable for the dumpsites monitoring, ranging from sea bottom survey, object identification to actual environmental parameters collection, biota exposure and portable chemical warfare agents (CWA) analysis. It uses such data for the calculation of environmental risk assessment in the dumpsites.


Chemical Warfare Agents (CWA) Dump Sites Chemical Warfare Materials Chemical Munitions Sulphur Mustard 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacek Bełdowski
    • 1
    Email author
  • Terrence Long
    • 2
  • Martin Söderström
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of SciencesSopotPoland
  2. 2.International Dialogue of Underwater MunitionsLeitches CreekCanada
  3. 3.Finnish Institute for Verification of the Chemical Weapons ConventionUniversity of Helsinki FinlandHelsinkiFinland

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