CMOS Image Sensor for Smart Cameras

Part of the KAIST Research Series book series (KAISTRS)


A smart camera is a vision system with special features implemented to achieve its specific purpose. A smart camera which can be used for security or surveillance purpose requires high dynamic range of the sensor to cover broad illumination range of the scene. A stick- or badge-type smart camera operates as a stand-alone device so that the power consumption is one of the most important parameters. For applications such as nondestructive inspection using infrared (IR), sensitivity of the image sensors should be improved to obtain suitable SNR for reliable output. This chapter describes basic imaging principles and dynamic range expansion methods of the CMOS image sensors.


CMOS image sensor (CIS) Charge coupled device (CCD) Active pixel sensor (APS) Wide dynamic range (WDR) Correlated double sampling (CDS) 



This work was supported by the Center for Integrated Smart Sensors funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning as Global Frontier Project. (CISS-3-4)


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Integrated Smart Sensor, ITC Building (N1), KAISTDeajeonRepublic of Korea

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