Gendered Ideology, Male Dominance and Women’s Microcredit Participation in Rural Bangladesh
This study examines the influences of gender ideology on women’s microcredit participation mediated through household male dominance in rural Bangladesh. Using a cross-sectional design, data were collected from 342 randomly selected married men in five northwest villages. Almost 52 % of married women were microcredit-participants (loan-borrowers). However, in 81 % of the cases, the loans were fully controlled by their husbands. The study indicates that low socioeconomic status influences women’s nominal microcredit participation while patriarchal gender ideology constrains them from active microcredit participation (using the loans). It appears that the negative influence of patriarchal ideology on women’s active microcredit participation is mediated through high household male dominance. It is suggested that microcredit intervention should address patriarchal ideology by creating an environment where people may have a chance to rethink the importance of women’s socioeconomic roles and rights.
KeywordsGender ideology Household Male dominance Microcredit participation Bangladesh
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