Are Education and Occupational Status Affecting Men’s and Women’s Satisfaction in Different Ways? A Cross-National Perspective on Gender Inequality

  • Mª del Mar Salinas-JiménezEmail author
  • Joaquín Artés
  • Javier Salinas-Jiménez
Part of the International Handbooks of Quality-of-Life book series (IHQL)


In this chapter we analyze the factors behind life satisfaction of men and women, focusing on the role played by educational attainment and different patterns of work. Account is also taken of the social context as regards gender inequality since similar working status might lead to different perceptions of wellbeing depending on whether or not the individuals follow the prevailing gender roles in their societies. Among the results, it is found that no gender differences in wellbeing appear in countries with low gender inequality. Moreover, whereas in countries with less gender inequality the effects of education and occupation tend to be rather similar across genders, in less gender egalitarian societies the effects of education on men’s satisfaction manifest only through enhanced job opportunities and professional status. The results of this study tend to confirm that gender social roles matter to shape individual subjective wellbeing, being the gender social context a key element in explaining gender differences in life satisfaction and the factors behind subjective wellbeing of men and women living in different societies.


Life satisfaction Gender Education Occupational status 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mª del Mar Salinas-Jiménez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joaquín Artés
    • 2
  • Javier Salinas-Jiménez
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de EconomíaUniversidad de ExtremaduraBadajozSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Economía Aplicada IV, (Economía Política y Hacienda Pública), Facultad de DerechoUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Economía y Hacienda Pública, Facultad de CC.EconómicasUniversidad Autónoma de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria de CantoblancoMadridSpain

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