Adaptation Tools and Strategies

  • Sebastian WeissenbergerEmail author
  • Omer Chouinard
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)


Adaptation to climate change will be a necessity for coastal zones in decades and even centuries to come. Although adaptation to climate and environmental changes has been a feature of human societies since the evolution of modern humans, current challenges posed by climate change and sea level rise in a crowded and developed world are of a vaster nature of those faced by humanity before and will necessitate new approaches, new techniques and new strategies. A conceptual framework is being developed, centered on the notions of vulnerability, adaptation and resilience. Adaptation to climate change will necessitate international cooperation and coherent strategies, although solutions will need to be developed with respect to local circumstances. The main strategies—protection, accommodation, retreat and precaution, are declined in various tools of technical, scientific, legislative, administrative, social or physical nature.


Vulnerability Adaptation Resilience Adaptation strategies Coastal protection 


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© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut des sciences de l’environnementUniversité du Québec à MontréalMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Département de sociologie, Programme de la Maîtrise en études de l’environnementUniversité de Moncton, Campus de MonctonMonctonCanada

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