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Multi-item Measurement of Subjective Wellbeing: Subjective Approaches (2)

  • Robert A. CumminsEmail author
  • Melissa K. Weinberg
Chapter
Part of the International Handbooks of Quality-of-Life book series (IHQL)

Abstract

This chapter comes in two parts. The first presents a theoretical view of subjective wellbeing (SWB), which sets the parameters and expectations for part two, which contains an evaluation of SWB scales. The theoretical view describes SWB homeostasis, set-points for SWB, and Homeostatically Protected Mood (HPMood). The selection of scales was made on the basis of simplicity. Each scale comprises a list of personally-relevant items with a response mode of ‘satisfaction’. It is predicted that such scales cannot reliably support more than one factor due to shared variance from HPMood. The primary criteria for the evaluation are parsimony and the robust demonstration of factors, if this is part of the scale’s construction. It is found that no scale with this simple construction can reliably support more than one factor, thus confirming theory. Two scales best meet the evaluation criteria as the Satisfaction with Life Scale and the Personal Wellbeing Index.

Keywords

Subjective wellbeing Multi-item scales Life domains Homeostatically protected mood Shared and unique variance Factor analysis 

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PsychologyDeakin UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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