Factors Influencing the Long-Term Sustainability of Managed Realignment
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Managed realignment can offer a sustainable long-term management option for coasts and estuaries by reducing the pressures on flood defences and compensating for habitat lost due to developments or coastal squeeze. This chapter discusses some of the factors influencing the long-term sustainability of managed realignment taking into consideration the UK context and experience. The sustainability of managed realignment at the local level depends on the availability and suitability of land to deliver set objectives and greatly on stakeholder support. The implementation of more than 50 schemes in the last two decades in the UK indicates that these factors have not hindered the implementation of managed realignment at the national scale. However, managed realignment is not the best option for all coastal areas. It is certain that managed realignment schemes will continue to be built in the UK. However, managed realignment is not a universal panacea, it is not possible to implement this policy everywhere, and schemes are unlikely to be viewed as a success from all perspectives. External funding sources and extensive stakeholder consultation are required to support the scale of managed realignment implementation planned in the future.
KeywordsLocal Stakeholder Coastal Habitat Flood Risk Management Intertidal Habitat Flood Defence
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