Managed Realignment in the UK: The Role of the Environment Agency
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The Environment Agency is responsible for the strategic overview for flood and coastal management for England. With partner organisations, the Environment Agency has delivered over 50 managed realignment projects in the UK in the past three decades. In result, by the end of 2014, over 900 ha of intertidal habitat will have been created through managed realignment. Future strategic plans include realignment of 10 % of the country’s coastline by 2030. This chapter describes the drivers for the implementation of managed realignment as a mechanism for delivering flood risk and environmental policies, and the opportunities and challenges that exist. A description of lessons learned so far and the role of emerging ecosystems services and biodiversity offsetting approaches to support managed realignment strategies is also provided.
KeywordsEcosystem Service Flood Risk Environment Agency Water Framework Directive Environment Food
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