The National Trust Approach to Coastal Change and Adaptive Management
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The National Trust is a UK-based non-government charity that aims to protect open spaces and historic places. The Trust’s properties are held in perpetuity for the enjoyment of the public and at present they include 1,187 km of coastlines (almost 10 % of the shoreline) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The scale of the Trust’s coastal ownership presents serious management challenges associated with sea-level rise, in particular an increase in coastal erosion and flooding. Principles of sustainability and integrated coastal managed underpins the work of the Trust, which includes, wherever possible, to allow a natural roll-back of the shoreline and planning to move out of the risk areas. Our challenge is to effectively communicate the long-term benefits of this approach. This chapter describes the principles and approaches adopted by the Trust and provide an example of removal of coastal defences at Brownsea Island, southern England.
KeywordsIntegrate Coastal Zone Management Coastal Defence Coastal Change Shoreline Management Steel Piling
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