The Need for Adaptation in Coastal Protection: Shifting from Hard Engineering to Managed Realignment

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)


Climate change is already affecting our lives. Scientific predictions influence government policies; these in turn affect the way we live as individuals and society. The way we live is greatly dependent on the natural environment. The ultimate consequence of climate change to society is that we cannot continue living the way we do because the environment around us is changing. Therefore, we are all compelled to adapt to the new conditions and become more resilient to change as individuals and communities. Climate change and environmental and financial concerns have led to a shift from the traditional ‘hold-the-line’ approach of coastal protection towards more flexible soft engineering options. Managed realignment is a relatively new soft engineering approach aiming to maximise environmental and socio-economic benefits by creating space for coastal habitats to develop. The natural adaptive capacity of coastal habitats (and the ecosystem services they provide) underpins the concept of managed realignment. This chapter describes the main drivers leading to the implementation of managed realignment and the multiple functions it is expected to provide.


Ecosystem Service Flood Risk Coastal Habitat Flood Risk Management Coastal Protection 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science and TechnologyBournemouth UniversityPooleUK

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