Allievi Lorenzo (1856–1941)

  • Marco CeccarelliEmail author
Part of the History of Mechanism and Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 26)


Lorenzo Allievi is best known for the Water hammer solution, which he proposed in 1903. But he also contributed to Mechanism Design with the milestone work ‘Cinematica delle Biella Piana’ (Kinematics of Planar Couplers), published in 1895 as an original work from application of the Burmester Theory. His lifetime’s professional activity cemented him as a Captain of Industry, as he experienced success in many Italian enterprises and organizations.


Planar Motion Mechanism Design Stationary Curvature Water Hammer Coupler Curve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Allievi L (1902/1903) Teoria generale del moto perturbato dell’acqua nei tubi in pressione (colpo d’ariete), Annali della Società degli ingegneri e degli architetti italiani 17(5):285–325; Atti dell’Associazione elettrotecnica italiana 7(2–3):140–196; Atti del Collegio degli ingegneri ed architetti di Milano, giugno 1903, 35–88 Google Scholar
  2. Allievi L (1913) Teoria del colpo d’ariete—nota 1: esposizione generale del metodo; nota 2: il colpo d’ariete in chiusura; nota 3: il colpo d’ariete in apertura; nota 4: contraccolpi di ritorno a regime; nota 5 fenomeni di risonanza’, Atti dell’Associazione elettrotecnica italiana, 17:127–150; 861–900; 127–1145; 1235–1253Google Scholar
  3. Allievi L (1932) Il colpo d’ariete e la regolazione delle turbine. L’elettrotecnica 19:146–156Google Scholar
  4. Allievi (1933) Derivazione elementare delle formule generali del moto idraulico perturbato. L’elettrotecnica 20:694 Google Scholar
  5. Allievi (1934) Arresto di una colonna liquida in moto ascendente. L’elettrotecnica 21:1–36Google Scholar
  6. Allievi (1936) Camere d’aria nelle tubazioni prementi. L’elettrotecnica 23:618Google Scholar
  7. Allievi L (1895) Cinematica della biella piana. Regia Tipografia Francesco Giannini and Figli, NapoliGoogle Scholar
  8. Anderson A (2000) Celebrations and challenger-water hammer at the start of the 20-th and 21-centuries. BHR Group 2000 Pressure Surges, pp 317–322Google Scholar
  9. Angeles J (1997) A Fin-de-siecle View of, TMM. In: Proceedings of international conference on mechanical transmissions and mechanisms, TianjinGoogle Scholar
  10. Angelini AM (1992) Memory of Lorenzo Allievi. Professione Ingegnere, n.3, pp 58–60 (In Italian)Google Scholar
  11. Anonimus (1952) Onoranze a Lorenzo Allievi. L’Elettrotecnica 39:604-608Google Scholar
  12. ASME News (1937) Allievi elected honorary member. Mech Eng 59:877Google Scholar
  13. Burmester L (1888a) Lehrbuch der Kinematik, vol 1. Die ebene Bewegung, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  14. Burmester L (1888b) Atlas zum Lehrbuch der Kinematik, vol 1. Die ebene Bewegung, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  15. Ceccarelli M(1999) Cinematica della Biella Piana by Lorenzo Allievi in 1895 In: Xth IFToMM world congress, vol 1, Oulu, pp 37–42Google Scholar
  16. Ceccarelli M (2000) Italian kinematic studies in XIXth Century. In: International symposium on history of machines and mechanisms HMM 2000. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 197–206Google Scholar
  17. Ceccarelli M (2001) The challenges for machine and mechanism design at the beginning of the third millennium as viewed from the Past. In: Proceedings of Brazilian congress on mechanical engineering COBEM2001, vol 20. Uberlandia, Invited Lectures, pp 132–151Google Scholar
  18. Ceccarelli M (2004) Evolution of TMM (theory of machines and mechanisms) to MMS (machine and mechanism science): an illustration survey.In: Keynote lecture, 11th IFToMM World Congress in mechanism and machine science, vol.1. Tianjin, pp 13–24Google Scholar
  19. CFR, Reproduction of Cinematica della Biella Piana di Allievi Lorenzo, Torino, CFR, 1999 (limited edition)Google Scholar
  20. Chicurel R (ed) In: Proceedings of IFToMM world congress on theory of mechanism and machines, GuanajuatoGoogle Scholar
  21. De Jonge AER (1940) Kinematic synthesis of mechanisms. Mech Eng Am Soc Mech Eng 62:537–542Google Scholar
  22. De Jonge AER (1943) A brief account of modern kinematics. Trans ASME 65:663–683Google Scholar
  23. Enciclopedia Italiana(1960) Lorenzo Allievi. In: Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, vol 2. Roma, p 502 (In Italian)Google Scholar
  24. ENEL (1996) Fifty years of Italian Electric Industry’ ENEL, p 43 (In Italian)Google Scholar
  25. Erdman AG (ed) (1993) Modern kinematics: developments in the last forty years. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. Evangelisti G (1956) Lorenzo Allievi e la Teoria del colpo d’ariete’. L’Acqua pp 162–167 (In Italian)Google Scholar
  27. Freudenstein F, Sandor GN (1961) On the burmester points of a plane. ASME J Appl Mech 83:41–49, 473–475Google Scholar
  28. Hain K (1967) Applied kinematics. Mc-Graw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. Hunt KH (1978) Kinematic geometry of mechanisms. Clarendon Press, OxfordzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  30. Marchetti M (1941) Technical and scientific works by Lorenzo Allievi. L’Energia Elettrica (In Italian)Google Scholar
  31. Marzolo F (1942) Lorenzo Allievi. Padova (In Italian)Google Scholar
  32. McCharty J M (2000) Geometric design of linkages. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  33. Nieto J (1978) Sintesis de Mecanismos, Editorial AC, Madrid Google Scholar
  34. Nolle H (1974) Linkage coupler curve synthesis: a. historical review—II developments after 1875. Mech Mach Theory 9:325–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pennock G R (2008) Curvature theory for a two-degree-of-freedom planar linkage. Mech Mach Theory 43(5):525–548Google Scholar
  36. Roger Y (1995) He was a special grandfather. Myrtle Editions, Roma (In Italian) (by courtesy of Mirta Lancellotti)Google Scholar
  37. Roger Allievi F (1980) Lorenzo Allievi: my daddy. handnotes (In Italian) (by courtesy of Mirta Lancellotti)Google Scholar
  38. Schoenflies A (1886) Geometrie der Bewegung. LeipzigGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LARM: Laboratory of Robotics and MechatronicsDiCEM, University of Cassino and South LatiumCassino (FR)Italy

Personalised recommendations