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Piecing Together the Phycobilisome

  • Ailie Marx
  • Liron David
  • Noam AdirEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 39)

Summary

Photosynthesis is driven by the absorption of light by arrays of pigments bound within protein complexes called antennas, followed by the efficient transfer of energy to the photochemical reaction centers. Cyanobacteria, red algae and cyanelles contain phycobilisomes (PBS) as their major antenna complex. The PBS is an extremely large (3–7 MDa), multi-layered complex bound to the stromal side of the photosynthetic membrane. In this review, we will describe the important structural and functional characteristics of the phycobilisome complex experimentally obtained over the past 40 years, especially in relation to the phycobilisomes unique absorption characteristics and its ability to self-assemble and disassemble.

Keywords

Synechococcus Elongatus Adjacent Monomer Trimer Interface Symmetry Related Molecule Northeast Structural Genomic Consortium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations:

AFM

– Atomic force microscopy;

APC

– Allophycocyanin;

EM

– Electron microscopy;

LC

– –Core linkers;

LCM –

– Core-membrane linker;

LP

– Linker proteins;

LR

– Rod linker;

LRC

– Rod-core membrane linker;

PBP

– Phycobiliprotein;

PBS

– Phycobilisome;

PC

– Phycocyanin;

PCB

– Phycocyanobilin cofactor;

PE

– Phycoerythrin;

PEB

– Phycoerythrobilin cofactor;

PEC

– Phycoerythrocyanin;

PUB

– Phycourobilin cofactor;

PVB

– Phycobiliviolin cofactor;

RC

– Reaction center;

TEM

– Transmission electron microscopy

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Israel Science Foundation founded by the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities (1045/06) and US-Israel Binational Science Foundation (2009406). We gratefully thank the staff of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (beamlines ID-14-1, ID23-1) for provision of synchrotron radiation facilities and assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Schulich Faculty of Chemistry, TechnionIsrael Institute of TechnologyTechnion City, HaifaIsrael

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