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Respiratory Chain Supercomplexes in Mitochondria

  • Natalya V. DudkinaEmail author
  • Egbert J. Boekema
  • Hans-Peter Braun
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 39)

Summary

Mitochondria have an intricate, heavily folded inner membrane, which is occupied by many copies of the respiratory chain complexes (I, II, III, IV). These complexes, together with the ATP synthase complex (complex V), are responsible for energy production stored as ATP. All five complexes specifically interact and form defined supercomplexes. Electron microscopy has provided structural data describing the interaction between complexes I and III, among I, III and IV and between two ATP synthase monomers in a dimeric form of complex V. Cryo-electron tomography has given new insights how these supercomplexes are arranged within intact mitochondria. The structural data can help to define the functional role of these supercomplexes, in particular for the dimeric ATP synthase complex, which appears to be responsible for the folding of the inner mitochondrial membrane.

Keywords

Respiratory Chain Complex OXPHOS Complex OXPHOS System Peripheral Stalk Mobile Electron Carrier 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations:

ADP

– Adenosine diphosphate;

ATP

– Adenosine triphosphate;

BN-PAGE

– Blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis;

EM

– Electron microscopy;

F0

– Membrane-embedded part of the ATP synthase;

F1

– Extra-membranous part of the ATP synthase;

FMN

– Flavine mononucleotide;

NADH

– Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide reduced form;

OXPHOS

– Oxidative phosphorylation;

SDS

– Sodium dodecyl sulphate

Notes

Acknowledgments

Research in our laboratories is supported by The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalya V. Dudkina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Egbert J. Boekema
    • 2
  • Hans-Peter Braun
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biological Sciences, BirkbeckUniversity of LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Biophysical Chemistry, GBBUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Institute of Plant GeneticsUniversity of HannoverHannoverGermany

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