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Trophodynamics of Eastern Pacific Coral Reefs

  • Ian C. EnochsEmail author
  • Peter W. Glynn
Chapter
Part of the Coral Reefs of the World book series (CORW, volume 8)

Abstract

Trophic interactions on eastern Pacific coral reefs are complex and highly dynamic, ever changing due to numerous biological and physical factors. In this chapter, we first address the sources of energy at the base of food webs, i.e. photosynthetic carbon fixation by benthic algae and endosymbiotic zooxanthellae, secondarily derived organic deposits, detritus, and fecal matter, as well as demersal (within reef) and allochthonous plankton food sources. Next we consider consumers, covering the major reef trophic guilds in the eastern Pacific—suspension feeders, deposit and detritus feeders, herbivores, carnivores (predators and carnivorous grazers), as well as scavengers. The diversity and relative abundance of consumer taxa are described and considered in terms of their ecological roles in community processes. The complex interplay of these guilds is examined through food webs constructed for Panama, Cabo Pulmo reef in the Gulf of California, Mexico, and the Floreana Island rocky reef in the Galápagos Islands. Finally, the effects of physical and biotic perturbations on food webs, interactions, indirect effects, and trophic cascades conclude this review.

Keywords

Food webs Biomass Trophic interactions Feeding guilds Cascades 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This chapter benefitted greatly from the data and discussions offered by Rodrigo H. Bustamante, Luis E. Calderón-Aguilera, Francesca Forrestal, Gordon Hendler, Thomas A. Okey, Héctor Reyes-Bonilla, and Jon Witman. Special thanks are due Benjamin Grassian for modifying and preparing the figures, as well as providing valuable insight into the topics discussed herein.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratories (AOML) NOAAMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Cooperative Institue of Marine and Atmospheric StudiesRosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric ScienceMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Marine Biology and EcologyRosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric ScienceMiamiUSA

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