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Across Cultures: A Cognitive and Computational Analysis of Emotional and Conversational Facial Expressions in Germany and Korea

  • Christian WallravenEmail author
  • Dong-Cheol Hur
  • Ahyoung Shin
Part of the Trends in Augmentation of Human Performance book series (TAHP, volume 5)

Abstract

Humans use a wide variety of communicative signals – among those, facial expressions play a key role in communicating not only emotional, but also more general, non-verbal signals. Here, we present results from a combined cognitive and computational analysis of emotional and conversational facial expressions in the context of cross-cultural research. Using two large databases of dynamic facial expressions, we show that both Western and Asian observers structure the interpretation space of a large range of facial expressions using the same two evaluative dimensions (valence and arousal). In addition, several computational experiments show the advantage of using graph-models for automatic recognition of facial expressions, since these models are able to capture the complex dynamics and inter-dependence of the movements of facial features in the face.

Keywords

Facial expressions Cross-cultural psychology Emotions Conversational expressions Graph models 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Wallraven
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dong-Cheol Hur
    • 2
  • Ahyoung Shin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Brain and Cognitive EngineeringKorea UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringKorea UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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