Environmental Biology of Percid Fishes

Abstract

The large percids, including Perca and Sander species, are economically and ecologically important species that inhabit large temperature regions of the Northern Hemisphere. In this chapter, we provide an overview of the environmental biology of the Perca (including yellow perch P. flavescens and Eurasian perch P. fluviatilis) and Sander (including walleye S. vitreus, pikeperch S. lucioperca, and sauger S. canadensis) genera, on which the majority of fisheries and aquaculture practices are focused. Through a comprehensive literature review, we discuss how individual- and population-level vital rates, including growth, foraging, reproduction, recruitment, and mortality, are mediated by biotic (e.g., density dependence, resource availability) and abiotic (e.g., temperature, light) environmental variables. As fisheries exploitation is a major source of size-selective mortality in many percid populations, we also examine the potential impacts of fishing mortality on both population metrics and individual vital rates, and identify several research areas that require further investigation. Through this review we aim to identify the major environmental drivers of variation in percid vital rates and thereby inform management practices for both wild and cultured percid populations.

Keywords

Perca Sander Fisheries Exploitation Ecology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Illinois-Indiana Sea GrantPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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