Life Satisfaction and Happiness in Mexico: Correlates and Redundancies

  • Gerardo LeyvaEmail author
  • Alfredo Bustos
  • Ana Miriam Romo
Part of the International Handbooks of Quality-of-Life book series (IHQL)


The chapter investigates the correlates of life satisfaction and happiness in México, in order to know the degree of redundancy between them as well as their key correlates. The way the studied correlates behave does not allow a conclusive statement about the degree of redundancy between the variables under study, although it clearly shows that for some specific variables such as economic status or satisfaction with family life, social life and affective life, different behaviours consistent with a greater emotive and smaller cognitive load are displayed by the indicator regarding happiness when compared to the one for life satisfaction.


Subjective well-being Life satisfaction Mexico Happiness Ordinal logit Well-being correlates BIARE Self-reported well-being module 


  1. Agresti, A. (2002). Categorical data analysis. Hoboken: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baker, D. (2008). What happy women know: How new findings in positive psychology can change women’s lives for the better paperback. St. Martin's Griffin, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Blanchflower, D., & Oswald, A. (2008). Is well-being U-shaped over the life cycle? Social Science & Medicine Elsevier, 66(8), 1733–1749.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chambers, L., & Skinner, C. J. (2003). Analysis of survey data. Chichester: Wiley. ISBN 9780471899877.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Demaris, A. (1995). A tutorial In logistic regression. Journal of Marriage and Family, 57, 956–968. Available:
  6. Di Tella, Macculloch, & Oswald. (2003). The macroeconomics of happiness. Review of Economics and Statistics, 58(4), 809–827.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Diener, E. (2005). Guidelines for national indicators of subjective well-being and ill being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 7, 397–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Diener, E. (2009). Temporal stability and cross-situational consistency of affective, behavioral and cognitive responses. In E. Diener (Ed.), Assessing well-being: The collected works of Ed Diener (P. Ebook). Heidelberg: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Diener, E. (2010). Income’s association with judgments of life versus feelings. In E. Diener, E., Helliwell, J., & Kahneman, D. (2010). International differences in well-being (pp. 3–15). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Diener, E., Helliwell, J., & Kahneman, D. (2010). International differences in well-being (pp. 3–15). New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Escobar, M., Fernández, E., & Bernardi, F. (2009). Análisis De Datos Con Stata. Madrid: Centro De Investigaciones Sociológicas.Google Scholar
  12. Ferrer-I-Carbonell, A., & Frijters, P. (2004). How important is methodology for the estimates of the determinants of happiness? Economic Journal, 114(497), 641–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fredrikson, B. (2009). Positivity. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  14. Frey, S. (2008). Happiness: A revolution in economics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gottman, M. (1994). What predicts divorce: The relationship between marital processes and marital outcomes. Hillsdale: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  16. Helliwell, J. (2003). How’s life? Combining individual and national variables to explain subjective well-being. Economic Modelling, 20, 331–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Helliwell, F., Layard, R., Sachs, D. (2012). World happiness report. The Earth Institute, Columbia University; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR); Centre For Economic Performance, London School of Economics; and University of British Columbia.Google Scholar
  18. Kahneman, D. (1999). Objective happiness. In Kahneman (Ed.), Well-being, the foundations of hedonic psychology. New York: Russel Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  19. Kennedy, P. (1994). A guide to econometrics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  20. Keynes. (2005). Teoría General Del Empleo, El Interés y El Dinero. México: Fondo De Cultura Económica.Google Scholar
  21. Kross, E., Verduyn, P., Demiralp, E., Park, J., & Lee, D. (2013). Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults. Plos ONE, 8(8), E69841. doi: 10.1371/Journal. Pone.0069841.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Layard. (2005). La Felicidad. Lecciones De Una Nueva Ciencia. Madrid: Taurus.Google Scholar
  23. Lim, C., & Putman, D. (2010). Religion, social networks, and life satisfaction. Gallup Sumit. American Sociological Association, doi: 10.1177/0003122410386686
  24. Lyubomirsky, S. (2010). The how of happiness: A scientific approach to getting the life you want. New York: The Penguin Press.Google Scholar
  25. Mcmahon, M. (2006). Una Historia De La Felicidad. Madrid: Santillana.Google Scholar
  26. Negrete, R. (2011). El Indicador de la Polémica Recurrente: La Tasa de Desocupación y El Mercado Laboral en México, Realidad, Datos Y Espacio: Revista Internacional De Estadística Y Geografía, 145–168.Google Scholar
  27. OECD. (2013). OECD guidelines on measuring subjective well-being. Paris. Available:
  28. Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2010). Does it matter where we live? The urban psychology of character strengths. American Psychologist, 65, 535–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Peterson, C. (2013). Pursuing the good life: 100 reflections on positive psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Peterson, C., Park, N., Pole, N., D´andrea, W., & Seligman, P. (2008). Strengths of character and postraumatic growth. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21, 214–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Seligman, P. (2002). Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  32. Seligman, M. E. P. (2011). Flourish: A visionary new understanding of happiness and well-being. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  33. Stevenson, B. & Wolfers, J. (2013). Subjective well-being and income: Is there any evidence of satiation? (NBER. Working Paper No. 18992).Google Scholar
  34. Stutzer, A. (2004). The role of income aspirations in individual happiness. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 54(1), 89–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Stutzer, A., & Frey, B. S. (2006). Does marriage make people happy, or do happy people get married? The Journal of Socio-Economics, 35, 326–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Van Praag, B. M.-I.-C. (2008). Happiness quantified: A satisfaction calculus approach. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Weiner, E. (2009). La Geografía De La Felicidad: Un Viajero En Busca Del País Más Feliz De La Tierra. Barcelona: Grijalbo.Google Scholar
  38. Wolfers, J. (2013). Subjective well-being and income: Is there any evidence of satiation? (NBER, Working Paper No. 18992).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerardo Leyva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alfredo Bustos
    • 1
  • Ana Miriam Romo
    • 1
  1. 1.Dirección General Adjunta de InvestigaciónINEGIAguascalientesMexico

Personalised recommendations