Advertisement

Solid Waste Systems

  • David R. Storm

Overview

In the United States, no winery site utility subsystem has changed more dramatically in the last decade than the management of solid waste. Other wine producing regions of the world are also reexamining their solid waste handling and disposal practices. The principal forces which have brought about the changes were as follows:
  • Landfill sites were being filled at an alarming rate.

  • Untapped opportunities for waste-to-energy projects emerged.

  • Concern was expressed at all levels of government on the poor management of natural resources.

  • The strong and sensible voice of the environmental movement was finally being heard around the world.

Before the radical changes in waste management policies and legislation took hold, the United States had for many years been rather complacent about solid waste generation and disposal methods, whether it occurred on land, in the oceans, or by conventional incineration within large urban centers. Europe and Japan on the other hand, not being blessed with an abundance of land area, became the leaders in the philosophy and practice of waste minimization at the source. The scarcity of land in those two densely populated areas, coupled with the need for ever-increasing blocks of electrical energy to satisfy domestic and industrial demands, stimulated the development of waste-as-fuel technology that produced either steam or electrical power as an essential by-product. This technology is also synonymous with power co-generation. Power plants fueled by nuclear fission, during this period, were in a down cycle, and the two-pronged waste-to-energy systems had just too many benefits to be ignored.

Waste minimization and segregation, together with salvage and recycling of waste materials, are the cornerstones of contemporary solid waste management systems. They will be discussed in this chapter, as they relate to the solid wastes generated by a typical winery. When significant, the differences in the solid waste stream of a table winery brandy distillery, a bonded cellar, and a sparkling winery will be noted. Vineyard operations also produce solid waste, with the major component almost entirely in the biomass category of vineyard prunings.

The disposal of residual solids from both sanitary and process wastewater systems has been previously discussed in Chapter 8. Reference is made to the appropriate sections of Chapter 8 for the optional methods of disposal for septage (septic tank sludge) and settled sludge from process wastewater settling cells or clarifiers.

Keywords

Solid Waste Hazardous Waste Food Waste Sanitary Landfill Waste Container 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 181.
    Tchobanoglous, G., Theisen, H., and Vigil, S. 1993 Integrated Solid Waste Management. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  2. 182.
    Drobny, N.L., Hull, H.E., and Testin, R.F., 1971. Recovery and Utilization of Municipal Solid Waste. Washington, DC: U.S. EPA. Publ. No. SW-10C.Google Scholar
  3. 183.
    Ray, G. 1995. Managing Used Oil. Cahnevs Publ. Oakpark, IL. Plant Services, pp. 94–96.Google Scholar
  4. 184.
    Storm, D.R. 1992. Landfills as an endangered species. Winery Water and Waste. Pract. Winery Vineyard. 12(5).Google Scholar
  5. 185.
    Schmidle, C. 1996. Personal communication. Sacramento, CA: California Integrated Waste Management Board.Google Scholar
  6. 186.
    Nakita, W. 1996. Personal communication. Delicato Vineyards.Google Scholar
  7. 187.
    — 1995. Updated Waste Generation Study and SRRE Diversion Projections for Upper Valley Waste Management Agency, City of American Canyon, and Remaining Unincorporated Napa County Areas..Google Scholar
  8. 188.
    Bradshaw, A.D., Southwood, R., and Warner, F. 1992 The Treatment and Handling of Wastes. London: Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar
  9. 189.
    Bradshaw, A.D., Southwood, R., and Warner, F. 1994 Guidelines for Recycling Waste Materials in California. Sacramento, CA: California Integrated Waste Management Board, p. 5.Google Scholar
  10. ai]190.
    Dong, M. and McCagg, B. 1995 A Practical Guide to Ballast Disposal. Bronx, NY: Full Circle Ballast Recyclers, pp. 1–33.Google Scholar
  11. 191.
    Sikora, M. 1990. A little retreading goes a lot of miles. Resource Recycling. 9(1): 50–58.Google Scholar
  12. 192.
    —. 1995. Personal communication, Case Compactors, Inc.Google Scholar
  13. 193.
    Sikora, M. 1995. Waste Reduction Technology Services, Cahners Publ., Oakpark, IL. Plant Services, p. 56.Google Scholar
  14. 194.
    Curtis, R.B. 1994. New safety standards for waste containers. Waste Age. 73-78.Google Scholar
  15. 195.
    Malloy, M.G. 1994. Locks or checks: Worth the trouble. Waste Age. 67-70.Google Scholar
  16. 196.
    Storm, D.R. 1995. One on one with highway trash. Winery Water and Waste. Pract. Winery Vineyard. 80-81.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • David R. Storm
    • 1
  1. 1.Storm Engineering, Inc.USA

Personalised recommendations