Methods of decomposition of differences between life expectancies at birth by causes of death

  • Emil Valkovics
Part of the European Studies of Population book series (ESPO, volume 11)


The secular decline in mortality levels experienced in Hungary, which continued during the two decades immediately following the end of the Second World War, stopped in the middle of the 1960’s and mortality began to rise in the case of the Hungarian male population. For the Hungarian female population, however, the change was hardly noticeable. The tempo of the rise in mortality levels somewhat slowed down between 1980 and 1990 but, according to more recent mortality data, increased after 1990. This rising mortality level was accompanied by a change in the structure by cause of death. Moreover, the increase went hand in hand with a change in mean ages at death of the victims of the different causes of death. This chapter describes the decomposition of differences between the life expectancies at birth (e 0 0 ) as the weighted arithmetic means of mean ages at death of victims of different causes of death, according to the Hungarian life tables by causes of death, and compares the results to the methods of decomposition of these differences elaborated by Pollard (1982, 1988), Andreev (1983), Pressat (1985, 1995), and Arriaga (1984).


Life Expectancy Life Table Mortality Level Secular Decline Respiratory System Disease 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

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  • Emil Valkovics

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