Aristotle was twice married (but not: Plato was a homosexual, an “opinion”).
Crete is an island in the Red Sea (but not: Maybe Atlantis was an island off the coast of Spain, a supposition or “declaration of possibility”).
There will be a total eclipse of the sun visible from Central Europe on Aug. 11, 1999 (but not: There will be a major earthquake in the Bay Area before 1985, a onetime prediction).
e=1.6020 x 10 −19 columbs (but not: Heat is matter in motion, an hypothesis).
All earthly mountains higher than 8000 meters are in Asia (but not: All birds are warmblooded, a generalization).
Pampadour was once the favorite of Louis XV and Barry was later on (but not: If Philip II had not reigned for so long, Spain would not have languished, a conditional).
28 is a perfect number (but not: There is no odd perfect number, a conjecture).
KeywordsTrue Belief Theoretical Knowledge Propositional Content Factual Knowledge Perceptual Knowledge
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.For argument in support of this point, see Ramsey’s On Truth, edited and posthumously published by Nicholas Rescher and Ulrich Majer (Dordrect, 1990), esp. in Chap. IV entitled “Knowledge and Opinion”.Google Scholar
- 2.The formula suggests a resemblance, which a reader remarked on, between my doctrine and F. I. Dretské s book, Knowledge and the Flow of Information (Cambridge, Mass., 1982 ). There are certainly affinities but also important differences. I once thought to include a comparison, but have now decided that the following commentary together with occasional remarks later on would do just as well for readers who are informed enough to have an established interest in some such comparison.Google Scholar
- 6.From Austin’s frequently reprinted contribution to an Arist. Soc. Symp. (1946) on “Other Minds”.Google Scholar
- 7.As does Dretske, ibid, pp. 229f. Plato did too as, I believe, also did Aristotle, implicitly.Google Scholar
- 9.See p. 84 of the D. H. Mellor edition of Philosophical Papers (Cambridge, 1990 ).Google Scholar