Internal and external nutrient cycles in stands of Phragmites australis — a model for two ecotypes

  • Indra Lippert
  • Hardy RolletschekEmail author
  • Harald Kühl
  • Johannes-Günter Kohl
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 143)


Two genetically different stands of Phragmites australis differing in their trophic status were investigated regarding seasonal changes in shoot morphology, stand structure, standing crop and N-, P-content in the above-ground and below-ground biomass. A model was developed describing internal and external nutrient cycles of two distinct ecotypes — translocation type and assimilation type. In adaptation to high nutrient availability in littoral sediments, the assimilation type is characterized by a higher productivity and standing stock (N, P), lower fertility, lower translocation rates (N, P), and higher N-, P-contents in the remaining standing dead culms, which leads to a more pronounced external nutrient cycle as compared to the translocation type situated at nutrient poor sites. Furthermore, the duration of heterotrophic and autotrophic growth phase, translocation and dormancy of buds differs between the both types.

Key words

Phragmites australis nutrient cycle assimilation type translocation type wetlands 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Indra Lippert
    • 1
  • Hardy Rolletschek
    • 1
    Email author
  • Harald Kühl
    • 1
  • Johannes-Günter Kohl
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Pflanzengenetik und KulturpflanzenforschungGaterslebenGermany

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