Diversity of invertebrate fauna in littoral of shallow Myczkowce dam reservoir in comparison with a deep Solina dam reservoir

  • Tadeusz Prus
  • Mirosława Prus
  • Paweł Bijok
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 143)


This is the first assessment of bottom fauna in littoral of shallow dam reservoir Myczkowce (191 ha, 12 m deep) and deep Solina reservoir (2105 ha, 65 m deep). Both reservoirs were formed in the 1960s in Carpathian Mountains. The reservoirs differ much in terms of size, range and regime of water level changes, water exchange rate and temperature. Quantitative samples were taken monthly using Morduchaj-Boltovski cylindrical bottom sampler from 3 stations in Myczkowce and 4 stations in Solina reservoir. In Myczkowce, 8–14 taxonomic groups of invertebrates were found in each site. Numbers of littoral fauna incerased during the season. There was no strong dominance of any particular group during summer, while in spring and autumn there was a slight prevalence of Diptera larvae and Isopoda. Total numbers of fauna in littoral of Solina reservoir were almost 3 times lower than those in the Myczkowce littoral. Only 1–7 taxa (systematic groups) were found in each site, of Solina reservoir. The dominant groups were easily assessed: Diptera larvae (mainly Chironomidae) and, a subdominant group, Oligochaeta. In Myczkowce reservoir, the Shannon-Weaver index of biodiversity was high (0.4–0.95). The index in stations in Solina reservoir was much lower (0.05–0.7). In Myczkowce, the course of index of equitability corresponded closely with that of biodiversity. In Solina, it showed higher values than the Shannon-Weaver index. This may indicate that the potential biodiversity in this environment was utilised by the communities in high degree. In general, the invertebrate fauna of littoral zone of Myczkowce reservoir is richer, both in terms of numbers and diversity than that of Solina reservoir. The main cause of these differences is a different character of water level changes. In Myczkowce, these changes reach 2 m and have a short term character, while in Solina water level varies (up to 10 m) and remains low all winter, this causes destruction of littoral which has to form again next season.

Key words

dam reservoirs biodiversity littoral zone 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Dusoge, K., 1989. Distribution and structure of benthos in the lowland Zegrzydskie Reservoir. Ekol. pol. 37: 281 - 298.Google Scholar
  2. Giziński, A., I. A. Błędzki, A. Kentzer, R. Wiśniewski & R. Żytkowicz, 1989. Hydrobiological characteristic of the lowland, rheolimnic Wloclawek Reservoir on the Vistula River. Ekol. pol. 37: 359 - 403.Google Scholar
  3. Gńowaciłski, Z., 1996. Ró żnorodność gatunkowa —jej interpretacja i obliczanie [Species diversity — its interpretation and calculation]. In R. Andrzejewski & R. Wiśniewski (eds), Różnorodność Biologiczna: Pojgcia, Oceny, Zagadnienia Ochrony i Ksztaltowania [Biodiversity: Concepts, Estimations, Problems of Protection and Formations]. Dziekanów Lenny. Oficyna IE PAN. Zeszyty Naukowe Komitetu ‘Czńowiek i Środowisko’ 15: 57 - 70.Google Scholar
  4. Gopal, B., 1994. The role of ecotones (transition zones) in the conservation and management of tropical inland waters. Inland waters of tropical Asia and Australia conservation and management. Schweizerbart Verl. Stuttgart 17 - 25.Google Scholar
  5. Jurkiewicz-Karnkowska, E., 1989. Occurrence of molluscs in the littoral zone of the Zegrzyłski Reservoir and in the pre-mouth and mouth zones of supplying rivers. Ekol. pol. 37: 319 - 336.Google Scholar
  6. Nairn, R. B., P. J. Zuzek, R. W. Bachmann, J. R. Jones, R. H. Peters & D. M. Soballe, 1995. Artificial beaches as shoreline treatment. Lake-reserve Mmt 11: 174 - 175.Google Scholar
  7. Pasternak, K., 1973. Rozprzestrzenienie metali ciężkich w wodach płynących w rejonie wystgpowania naturalnych złó ż oraz przemyslu cynku i ołowiu [Expansion of heavy metals in running waters in the region of occurrance of natural ledges and lead and zinc industry]. Acta hydrobiol. 15: 131 - 245.Google Scholar
  8. Pielou, E. C., 1966. The measurement of diversity in different types of biological collections. J. theor. Biol. 13: 131-144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Płużański, A., T. Półtorak, J. Tomaszek, N. Granops, R. Żurek & E. Dumnicka, 1990. Charakterystyka limnologiczna zbiorników kaskady górnego Sanu (Solina, Myczkowce) [Limnological characteristics of upper San cascade reservoirs (Solina and Myczkowce)]. In Z. Kajak (ed.), Funkcjonowanie Ekosystemów Wodnych, Ich Ochrona i Rekultywacja, Częś ć I — Ekologia Zbiorników Zaporowych i Rzek. [Functioning of Aquatic Ecosystems, Protection and Recultivation. Part I — Ecology of Dam Reservoirs and Rivers.] SGGW-AR, Warszawa: 50: 264 - 281.Google Scholar
  10. Starmach, K., S. Wróbel & K. Pasternak, 1976. Hydrobiologia, Limnologia. PWN, Warszawa: 621 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Trojan, P. & J. Wytwer, 1996. Różnorodność gatunkowa fauny [Species diversity of the fauna]. In R. Andrzejewski & R. Wiś niewski (eds), Różnorodność Biologiczna: Pojęcia, Oceny, Zagadnienia Ochrony i Ksztaltowania [Biodiversity: Concepts, Estimations, Problems of Protection and Formations]. Dziekanów Lenny. Oficyna IE PAN. Zeszyty Naukowe Komitetu ‘Czlowiek i Srodowisko’ 15: 39 - 35.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadeusz Prus
    • 1
  • Mirosława Prus
    • 1
  • Paweł Bijok
    • 1
  1. 1.Polish Academy of SciencesInternational Centre of EcologyLomiankiPoland

Personalised recommendations