Finding One’s Way about: High Windows, Narrow Chimneys, and Open Doors. Wittgenstein’s “Scepticism” and Philosophical Method

  • Danilo Marcondes De Souza Filho
Part of the International Archives of the History of Ideas / Archives Internationales d’Histoire des Idées book series (ARCH, volume 145)


In the so-called philosophical tradition from the beginning of Greek philosophy to the present time, we find different conceptions of philosophy; different ideas of what philosophy is, or should be. According to some, philosophy is very close to science; according to others, philosophy must be seen as having a practical objective; still others relate philosophy to mystical experience and religious belief. Perhaps the trouble with us today is that we sometimes ignore or blur this difference, calling “philosophy” what in the past was known by such terms as sophia, episteme,philosophia, prote philosophia, phronesis, dialectica, among others. I shall try to show here, that although to a certain extent in the Anglo-Saxon world, the conception that relates philosophy primarily to science and to epistemological problems has dominated for the past fifty years or so, Wittgenstein can be considered as defending a different conception, in which philosophy is closer to practical purposes and concerns, similar in many ways to classical scepticism.


Everyday Life Ordinary Language Philosophical Problem Mystical Experience Ordinary Life 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

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  • Danilo Marcondes De Souza Filho

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