Metal Complexes as Photosensitizers in Photoelectrochemical Cells

  • M. Grätzel
  • K. Kalyanasundaram
Part of the Catalysis by Metal Complexes book series (CMCO, volume 14)


Conversion of visible light to electricity using semiconductors as light absorbers is a topic of much interest to scientists. Highly efficient photovoltaic cells based on silicon (light-to-electrical conversion efficiency ≥25%) were developed in the seventies as a by-product of the extensive research that went into the design of solar cells that powered the manned and unmanned satellites in the outer space. Chemists then started investigating semiconductor-redox electrolyte liquid-junctions and related photoelectrochemical cells [1–3] as a possible means of solar energy conversion to electricity. Inspite of enormous problems posed by photocorrosion and surface imperfections/defects in these “wet photovoltaic cells”, conversion efficiencies of over 15% have been obtained in the eighties on solar cells composed of single crystals of Si or GaAs [4,5]. Techniques are now available to treat the surface imperfections but photocorrosion still remains a serious problem limiting the practical application of this type of liquid-junction solar cells.


Charge Injection Flash Photolysis Silver Halide Photoelectrochemical Cell Incident Photon Conversion Efficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Grätzel
    • 1
  • K. Kalyanasundaram
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Chimie PhysiqueEcole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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