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Intramolecular Energy and Electron Transfer in Polynuclear Metal Complexes

  • F. Scandola
  • C. A. Bignozzi
  • M. T. Indelli
Chapter
Part of the Catalysis by Metal Complexes book series (CMCO, volume 14)

Abstract

As indicated by their traditional name of “complexes”, coordination compounds have a composite nature. Their relevant molecular orbitals are often predominantly localized either on the metal or on the ligands, which can thus be considered as electronically independent fragments. Because of this composite nature, coordination compounds of transition metals exhibit a remarkable variety of electronically excited state types. The common classification includes metal-centered (MC), ligand-centered (LC), or charge transfer (CT) states, with the possibility of metal-to-ligand (MLCT) or ligand-to-metal (LMCT) subtypes. A given type of excited state usually gives rise to a typical spectroscopic transition and (when it occurs as the lowest excited state of the system) to a specific type of photophysical and photochemical behavior [1–5]. The possibility to play with metal and ligands in a large number of combinations provides a remarkable degree of synthetic control on excited state properties [6–13]. This flexibility can be useful, e.g., in the design of redox photosensitizers [14] for various applications, including chemical conversion of light energy [15].

Keywords

Charge Recombination Photoinduced Electron Transfer Electronic Coupling Binuclear Complex Supramolecular System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Scandola
    • 1
  • C. A. Bignozzi
    • 1
  • M. T. Indelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of FerraraFerraraItaly

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